The scientific process has been developed to eliminate emoto-linguistic bias, i.e. presupposition, whether of
presumption or prejudice.  This does not change the reality that emotions are experienced by scientists, nor the
reality that 'experts' of every kind who purport to found their pronouncements on reliable science will be more truly,
as distinct from partially, productive in the phases of a serious problem-solving project by adding to culturally
natural proficiency in IAXAPs an acquired proficiency in articulating honest IHXENs.  This becomes clearer to
recognize when one reflects that IHXENs help a project's participants become more quickly aware of their being
driven by states of being other than equanimity, i.e. emotions, no matter how subtle, and thus to become aware of
the presuppositions he or she is making in her or his conversation with others.  Following is a schematic that may
be helpful to a leader, in various phases of a typical scientific project, who wishes to compensate for emotions:
Visits to this URL: 68    Last update: 150210
If equanimity is the equivalent of flow, how can we know we have equanimity?  IHXENs are "I have 'X emotion' now"
statements.  They constitute a mostly unconventional form of 'I-statement' in English, one by which we inform others
and our conscious selves of our state of being without explaining why.  The more conventional form of
I-statement in English is "
I am 'adjectival phrase'" (IAXAP).  IAXAPs imply an identity of permanence when the
identity avowed may actually only be a temporary one.  For example, we aspire to equanimity much more often than
we have it, so "
I am an equanimous person" would be an inauthentic claim!  This may sound a trivial criticism of the
IAXAP form of I-statement, but have you ever noticed a person claiming to be "OK" or "fine" when he or she
appears obviously irritated or anxious?  What is often unfortunately but relevantly true in this context is that
maintaining equanimity in the circumstances of problem-solving for major decision-making is often a severe trial: as
human beings, we rarely have equanimity, and so we are scarcely ever in the ideal problem-solving state of flow.

Paul Ekman, in his book "
emotions revealed" (Henry Holt, 2003, with a second edition published in 2007), tells us
something that is highly significant in this context, yet not at all well-known.  It is that
in certain states of being
"our thinking cannot incorporate information that does not fit, maintain, or justify the emotion we are
.  Dr. Ekman, professor emeritus in psychology at the University of California Medical School in San
Francisco and an advisor to police departments, anti-terrorism groups (including the US Transportation Security
Authority), and the animation studios
Pixar and Industrial Light and Magic, calls such states of being 'refractory
'.  He warns us that when such states last longer than a couple of seconds, they can be very troublesome.  
Dr. Ekman is widely regarded as the world's foremost expert on the shape of facial muscles and their connection
with our expression or suppression of emotion.  Since IAXAPs imply permanence, saying them programs us to be
rigid, rather than open to growth, in our perspectives so we give ourselves a better chance to grow our
perspectives when we use the IHXEN form.  The table below therefore provides a comparison of the two forms from
the point of view of cognitive structure:
IHXENs and IAXAPs Compared:
Criticality of the I-statement Forms We Habitually Use
(c) 2013-4 by
Angus Cunningham
Principal, Authentix Coaches
Implicit Cognitive Structure -- IAXAPs
(Currently most common)
Explicit Cognitive Structure -- IHXENs
(Currently very rare)
Automatic, not reflectively conscious
Fast reaction
Evolves early in (English-speaking) life
Parallel processing
High nominal output
Biased by unconscious presumption
Seemingly effortless
Acquired by acculturation
Controlled, conscious
Relatively slow response
Chosen, usually late in (English-speaking) life
Sequential processing
Low nominal output
Focused by working memory
Seemingly effortful
Acquired by coaching and deliberate practice

A person proficient in IHXENs increases his/her productivity both through curiosity and through intuitions of
relevance to what appears so far to be every field of human activity in which language must play a part.  IHXENs
are indicative of when one's
intuitions are refined enough to be insights that one may have genuine confidence are
reliable enough for others to rely on too.  For a further discussion of the benefits of replacing IAXAPs with IHXENs,
please go to this

AJ Jacobs, who wrote "The Year of Living Biblically" and is the Editor-at-Large of Esquire magazine, includes a
very interesting take on George Washington in his superb book "
My Life as an Experiment" (Simon & Schuster,
2009).  Jacobs got his perspective not only from his wide readings as a successful editor and author but, more
interestingly and insightfully, also from research by two people who each played Washington for a live open-air
theatre: one who played the young Washington, who was quite brutal, and one who played the much more mature
founding president, who by then had become very widely-respected.  Jacobs' comment on Washington's
remarkable growth as a person is that "
people can change for the better".  I prefer to think of people growing,
rather than changing; i.e. we can grow in our personality while letting go, more or less effortlessly, of dysfunctional
traits of character, and we can then have more rational control over our behaviour.  Other people will then
experience us more often as fully authentic and empathic, and as having other qualities that automatically dispose
them toward paying attention to us, which will, of course, help us in our aim of well-being.

Jacobs also says he's not at all sure he would have sided with the "revolutionaries"!  

Well-being is a universal longing.  But, in using IAXAPs we become,
at least temporarily, unblissfully ignorant of this
longing in both self and others, and so also ignoring of either others' real
needs or, temporarily also, even of our
own.  In an email to AJ I pointed out that, in one of his chapters, he had something like 30 or so IAXAPs; that this
would be convoluting his mind concerning who he was; and that he would be able to maintain rationality more often
(something he made clear in the book was a hope for humanity to which he clung to save himself from despair) by
becoming proficient in IHXENs.  Here's how he replied:

I have much gratitude now! And many other IHXEN's toward you. I loved reading your theories"

For those interested in the genesis of
Eye-Zen English, a set of principles of English selection and interpretation
for 'all-in', i.e. thorough, productivity in serious problem-solving conversation, the logo following shows the principal
conceptual inputs that I
consciously recognize have influenced its structure (with apologies to those beautiful
people who have given of their time and energy, hopefully in reciprocity to mine!) :
Testimonials from Authentix' Clients
Authentix Engagement Values
Overview of Eye-Zen English Family of Linguistics
Collaborative Problem-Solving with Eye-Zen English & NVC
Partnering to Practise Eye-Zen English
Root Page of Services to Leaders
Authentix Coaches's Coaching Services
Contact the Author
Visit Authentix Coaches Home Page
Key Capabilities
of the Excellent Scientist
Emotions Common in Typical Project Phases
for Scientific Excellence
for Scientific Excellence
Choosing/accepting a 'mess'
(problematic chaos) in which
one's expertise can/will be a
solution factor
  • Excessive modesty, or
    immodesty, or diffidence in
  • Unbalanced prejudice for
    either theory or practice
  • Unnecessary awe of either
    chaos or the reputations of
    'titan' scientists
  • Wanting to be focused,
    accurate, and efficient in
    communicating one's
  • Interested in the specific
    applicability and value of
    potential new knowledge
  • Relaxed about, yet intrigued
    by, unknowns in issues of
Formulating a working
Stuck intellectually within
conventional logic in exploring
Rational in visualizing the
theoretical possibilities
Designing a test
Inflexible in identifying and
resolving key trade-offs
Creative in balancing issue
coverage with cost
Getting the test financed
Insensitive to needs of investors
Empathic in appealing to investors
Overcoming hurdles in
arranging a successful test
Lacking resilience, persistence,
and humility in problem solving
Resourceful in solving problems
Responding successfully to
'maybe' test results
Alert to maximizing test
Articulated new scientific
knowledge gained
Careless in report writing
Organized in report writing
Communicating the new
knowledge and its scientific
Empathic in sharing experience
with professional applyers
Manifesting 'ivory tower'
diffidence to application issues
A book project to describe the benefits and limitations in different circumstances of applying
Eye-Zen English principles to conversations in which solutions are sought by the parties to them to
the problems each is encountering is now in an advanced pre-publication stage.  To request
announcements of the book's progress, and downloads related thereto,
email the author.